The opportunity cost of choosing a “best buy” fund

Posted by TEBI on August 7, 2020

The opportunity cost of choosing a “best buy” fund




There’s been good news and bad news for the UK’s largest investment platform Hargreaves Lansdown this week. The company reported an 11% in annual profit after a “surge” of new customers during the lockdown. Meanwhile, details emerged of a potential class action against Hargreaves for its role in the Neil Woodford sandal.

A spokesman for RGL Management, the company behind the action, said: “There will be claims for losses sustained directly as a result of the collapse of the Woodford funds, as well as for ‘loss of opportunity’ losses, suffered through missing out on alternative investments that, in stark contrast to Woodford, would have generated returns.”


Losses are only part of the story

I’m pleased to see this reference to opportunity cost. Most of the coverage so far has focused on the losses that Woodford investors suffered as a result of his stock selections. But that’s only part of the story.

Woodford’s flagship fund, Woodford Equity Income, was launched in June 2014. The intervening period has seen huge gains in stock markets in Britain and around the world. It was difficult, in fact, for an equity investor not to make considerable gains.

The point is, how much of an opportunity did Woodford investors miss out on? What returns would they have enjoyed if they had ignored the advice of Hargreaves Lansdown — and many others — and invested in low-cost index trackers?

Data just released by Freetrade, the commission-free investment platform, shows just how considerable the opportunity cost of investing with Neil Woodford, and indeed the majority of active managers, was.

Freetrade analysed 67 funds on HL’s Wealth Shortlist as of 4 August 2020. They compared their performance over the last five years with those of low-cost ETFs that tracked the relevant benchmark or gave exposure to similar assets insofar as was possible.


Active investors missed out

41 of those funds, they found, have underperformed the equivalent ETF.

So, what does that underperformance look like in terms of opportunity cost?

Well, over the same five-year period — 3/7/2015 to 3/7/2020 — 12 ETFs generated excess returns of £1,000 or more and five ETFs generated excess returns of £2,000 or more when compared with the alternative from HL’s Wealth Shortlist. For example:

— Vanguard FTSE Japan UCITS ETF also generated £2,435 in excess returns over First State Japan Focus

— UBS ETF – MSCI World Socially Responsible UCITS ETF outperformed Kames Ethical Equity by £3,626

— Vanguard S&P 500 UCITS ETF outperformed Schroders Managed Balanced by £3,719

— Vanguard FTSE All World UCITS ETF (Distribution) outperformed Artemis Global Income (Class I) by £2,629

Interestingly, over the last five years, 31 of the fund pairs analysed generated cumulative returns within £100 +/- of each other, further suggesting that active funds are not adding significant value for money.


The difference in costs

Of course, as we keep on stressing, past performance tells us next to nothing about future performance. Nobody knows how well or badly the funds that Hargreaves is currently recommending will perform in the future.

What we do know, however, is that the fees and charges for investing in HL’s favoured funds are very much higher than those for the ETFs.

Freetrade looked at the expected total charges going forward, over a five-year period, ie until July 2025. It based its calculations on an investment of £5,000 and assumed a growth rate of 5% a year.

It found that investors can expect 47 of the funds on the Wealth Shortlist to charge more than £300 in fees. They can expect 16 funds to charge more than £400 and one fund to charge in excess of £500 in fees ‚ in other words,  10% of the initial investment.

By comparison the total charges over five years for comparable ETFs are all less than £100, except for iShares MSCI India UCITS which anticipates charging £222 over that period.


Investors’ main priority

Commenting on the findings, Adam Dodds, Freetrade’s founder and CEO, said: “Retail investors in the UK have more choice and flexibility than ever before. Beyond their personal investment goals, their priority should be to minimise the costs that will chip away at their hard-earned savings.

“This research reinforces the fact that actively managed funds, on balance, are negatively impacting consumers’ financial outcomes — historically, through underperformance, and on a forward-looking basis, looking at the expected costs of owning these products.

“At the end of the day, it’s incumbent on investment platforms to align their interests with those of their customers. The promotion of such high cost funds falls well short of this goal.”

Again, Hargreaves Lansdown isn’t the only offender here. There are many companies — platforms, brokers, consultants and advisers — which have benefited from promoting “star” managers like Neil Woodford.

The financial media must also shoulder some of the blame for its constant focus over the last 25 years on actively managed funds and its failure to explain the benefits of using cheaper alternatives.


Intellectual honesty

But surely it’s time for Hargreaves to show a little more humility and intellectual honesty? The Wealth Shortlist serves no other  purpose than to generate income.

The evidence is irrefutable. Only a tiny proportion of the funds available to invest in today — somewhere around 1% — will outperform the market on a cost- and risk-adjusted basis over the next 25 years.

It’s virtually impossible to identify those very few winners in advance — and totally disingenuous of Hargreaves Lansdown to suggest otherwise.

Choosing a fund on a “best buy” list, or on the strength of a glowing write-up in the weekend papers, is a big mistake. You’ll be missing out on the opportunity to invest in a far cheaper, better and more suitable product.


ROBIN POWELL is the founding editor of The Evidence-Based Investor. He works as a journalist and consultant specialising in finance and investing, and as a campaigner for a fairer, more transparent asset management industry. He is the founder of Ember Television and Regis Media. You can find him here on LinkedIn and Twitter.


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